Are You Getting Too Much Aluminum In Your Diet?

Are you getting too much aluminum in your diet

The story begins in Guam, where a very high incidence of ALS has been reported consistently since 1954, at rates about 30 times higher than normal.

That is such an alarmingly high rate that it drew the attention of researchers from Japan, Europe, and America.

The cause was quickly found, denied, and suppressed…

…by using various unrealistic explanations to deflect attention from the obvious.

Most notable is the BMAA (beta-methylamino-L-alanine) hypothesis.

It’s an interesting hypothesis (more on that later), but it isn’t backed up by the facts.

It falls short when you look at the hard data gathered in the early days of ALS research.

The earliest indication that aluminum is the culprit was in 1982.

Japanese researcher Dr. Fumio Yoshimasu knew that injecting rabbits with aluminum causes nerve degeneration.

And he was intrigued by reports of the high aluminum content in Guam’s drinking water.

So he undertook to analyze the aluminum levels in people with ALS.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Yoshimasu’s first subjects were Japanese: four people with ALS and three control subjects.

The ALS patients had twice the amount of aluminum in their brain tissue than the controls did.

He then turned his attention to Guam, and published two more studies on his findings.

“The volcanic soil on the southern part of the island where most cases occur contains a considerable amount of aluminum and manganese” —Yoshimasu

He found 749% more aluminum in the spinal cords of Parkinson’s patients compared to the controls.

That’s even more alarming when you realize that the control subjects were high in aluminum themselves, being from the same small island.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

By graphing aluminum and calcium concentrations across all parts of the nervous system, Yoshimasu found a clear picture.

The only difference between the ALS patients and the people without ALS was higher levels of aluminum and lower levels of calcium.

“A significantly high concentration of aluminum in the CNS tissue of the Guam ALS and PD cases was confirmed” —Yoshimasu

It appears from studies that calcium is antagonistic to aluminum.

Other studies on Alzheimer’s patients have found silica to be protective against aluminum from water.

The technique that Yoshimasu used for analysis, neutron activation, is very reliable.

His findings have been replicated in other studies using other techniques.

Also in 1982, Dr. Daniel Perl unveiled his findings in Science magazine, a high-profile publication.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Like Yoshimasu, Perl measured aluminum levels in Guamanian ALS patients but he used an even more accurate method, EDS (energy-dispersive spectroscopy).

He found, on average, 383% more aluminum in the ALS cases.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

These findings, as well as those from Japan, almost force one to conclude that aluminum causes ALS directly – by its mere presence.

“Intraneuronal accumulation of aluminum has been demonstrated in lumbar motor neurons in patients with ALS” —Perl

Aluminum has also been imaged directly in ALS patients using wavelength dispersive spectrometry (Garruto, 1984), and solochrome azurine, an aluminum-specific stain (Picardo, 1988).

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Around this time, a new hypothesis was forming. The one involving an amino acid in cycad seeds, a native food of Guam.

This deflected attention from the undeniable role of aluminum.

The amino acid BMAA is not even toxic to rats, even in absurd doses – doses far higher than anything you’d get from eating cycad seeds (Perry, 1989).

The originator of the BMAA hypothesis viewed the amino acid as an excitotoxin, like MSG or aspartate.

Experiments proved otherwise.

McGeer & Lee – stunned that this BMAA charade had been going on for so long – published a scathing article on its 35th anniversary.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

They demonstrated that it can’t rightly be classed as a neurotoxin in any way.

“Beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is routinely described in the literature as a neurotoxin … the validity of these hypotheses depends on whether BMAA is toxic toward human neurons. Because there are no data on this subject, we undertook an analysis of BMAA neurotoxicity against 3 human neuronal cell lines. We found the toxicity to be so low that it was comparable to the body-building nutritional supplement beta-alanine.” —McGeer & Lee

The neurotoxicity of BMAA was so low as to be 300–400 times less toxic than glutamate, the body’s own neurotransmitter.

In 1991, Mark Duncan showed that BMAA barely crosses the blood–brain barrier. Only 0.08% of an injected dose is found there.

So the steady-state brain concentration, after continuous infusion of 400 mg/kg for two weeks, is only 10–30 μg/g.

This is far less than the concentration of the body’s own natural glutamate.

And no behavioral effects were noted in test rats in this study either.

He published a letter in The Lancet to explain how unlikely it is that BMAA could possibly cause ALS.

“We conclude that processed cycad flour as prepared by the Chamorros of Guam and Rota contains extremely low levels of BMAA, which are in the order of only 0.005% by weight. Thus, even when cycad flour is a dietary staple and eaten regularly, it seems unlikely that these low levels could cause the delayed and widespread neurofibrillary degeneration of nerve cells observed in ALS and the parkinsonism-dementia complex of Guam.” —Duncan

But the BMAA cheerleaders wouldn’t let truth get in the way of their research funding…

So after killing about a million trees by printing plain B.S. bullshit, they decided to imagine an entirely different way for BMAA to be responsible for ALS.

Philosophers of science call this “saving the phenomena.”

They came up with the idea that BMAA incorporates directly into growing protein. As an amino acid, it could theoretically do this.

But this is more diversion, since massive doses in mice don’t lead to neurological changes.

The only thing that’s ever been proven to cause ALS in animals is aluminum.

Henry Sherp first demonstrated this in the ‘60s, on both rabbits and monkeys.

“The results show that 25% to 37% of the injected aluminum is retained in the central nervous system.” —Sherp

Not much attention was given to such studies until Guam in the ‘80s. That’s when aluminum became synonymous with ALS.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

The scientists in this study decided to just prove in a straightforward manner that aluminum accumulates in the nervous system and causes ALS.

They fed the aluminum directly to the monkeys – no injections.

It was pressed into their food pellets. And they were given less calcium than usual.

One group of monkeys was fed cycad flour, the source of BMAA in Guam…

“Neurofibrillary pathology was most frequently seen in animals fed the low-calcium diet supplemented with aluminum and manganese.” —Garruto

Just by feeding aluminum and restricting calcium they were able to replicate ALS in the monkeys.

Even the chemical mechanism has now been worked out.

Aluminum has a high affinity for phosphate.

The outer layer of the spinal cord is rich in phosphate. So are the Tau (τ) proteins, which are abundant in the nervous system.

“The magnitude and extent of lesions observed in these animals far exceeded that found in normal-aged monkeys.” —Garruto

Also, feeding cycad “failed to accentuate the neuropathology.”

This is more confirmation that BMAA is basically harmless.

The scientists responsible for these studies – Garruto, Duncan, McGeer, Lee, and Perl – are quite certain that BMAA has nothing to do with ALS.

“BMAA should no longer be considered a neurotoxin and an environmental hazard.” —McGeer & Lee

Aluminum is found in some packaged foods, so it’s a good habit to read labels.

Some municipal water supplies contain high levels of aluminum, just like the water in Guam.

The natural minerals calcium and silica are protective against aluminum toxicity, but it’s best to avoid aluminum altogether if you can.

end

Are you getting too much aluminum in your diet

The story begins in Guam, where a very high incidence of ALS has been reported consistently since 1954, at rates about 30 times higher than normal.

That is such an alarmingly high rate that it drew the attention of researchers from Japan, Europe, and America.

The cause was quickly found, denied, and suppressed…

…by using various unrealistic explanations to deflect attention from the obvious.

Most notable is the BMAA (beta-methylamino-L-alanine) hypothesis.

It’s an interesting hypothesis (more on that later), but it isn’t backed up by the facts.

It falls short when you look at the hard data gathered in the early days of ALS research.

The earliest indication that aluminum is the culprit was in 1982.

Japanese researcher Dr. Fumio Yoshimasu knew that injecting rabbits with aluminum causes nerve degeneration.

And he was intrigued by reports of the high aluminum content in Guam’s drinking water.

So he undertook to analyze the aluminum levels in people with ALS.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Yoshimasu’s first subjects were Japanese: four people with ALS and three control subjects.

The ALS patients had twice the amount of aluminum in their brain tissue than the controls did.

He then turned his attention to Guam, and published two more studies on his findings.

“The volcanic soil on the southern part of the island where most cases occur contains a considerable amount of aluminum and manganese” —Yoshimasu

He found 749% more aluminum in the spinal cords of Parkinson’s patients compared to the controls.

That’s even more alarming when you realize that the control subjects were high in aluminum themselves, being from the same small island.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

By graphing aluminum and calcium concentrations across all parts of the nervous system, Yoshimasu found a clear picture.

The only difference between the ALS patients and the people without ALS was higher levels of aluminum and lower levels of calcium.

“A significantly high concentration of aluminum in the CNS tissue of the Guam ALS and PD cases was confirmed” —Yoshimasu

It appears from studies that calcium is antagonistic to aluminum.

Other studies on Alzheimer’s patients have found silica to be protective against aluminum from water.

The technique that Yoshimasu used for analysis, neutron activation, is very reliable.

His findings have been replicated in other studies using other techniques.

Also in 1982, Dr. Daniel Perl unveiled his findings in Science magazine, a high-profile publication.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Like Yoshimasu, Perl measured aluminum levels in Guamanian ALS patients but he used an even more accurate method, EDS (energy-dispersive spectroscopy).

He found, on average, 383% more aluminum in the ALS cases.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

These findings, as well as those from Japan, almost force one to conclude that aluminum causes ALS directly – by its mere presence.

“Intraneuronal accumulation of aluminum has been demonstrated in lumbar motor neurons in patients with ALS” —Perl

Aluminum has also been imaged directly in ALS patients using wavelength dispersive spectrometry (Garruto, 1984), and solochrome azurine, an aluminum-specific stain (Picardo, 1988).

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

Around this time, a new hypothesis was forming. The one involving an amino acid in cycad seeds, a native food of Guam.

This deflected attention from the undeniable role of aluminum.

The amino acid BMAA is not even toxic to rats, even in absurd doses – doses far higher than anything you’d get from eating cycad seeds (Perry, 1989).

The originator of the BMAA hypothesis viewed the amino acid as an excitotoxin, like MSG or aspartate.

Experiments proved otherwise.

McGeer & Lee – stunned that this BMAA charade had been going on for so long – published a scathing article on its 35th anniversary.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

They demonstrated that it can’t rightly be classed as a neurotoxin in any way.

“Beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is routinely described in the literature as a neurotoxin … the validity of these hypotheses depends on whether BMAA is toxic toward human neurons. Because there are no data on this subject, we undertook an analysis of BMAA neurotoxicity against 3 human neuronal cell lines. We found the toxicity to be so low that it was comparable to the body-building nutritional supplement beta-alanine.” —McGeer & Lee

The neurotoxicity of BMAA was so low as to be 300–400 times less toxic than glutamate, the body’s own neurotransmitter.

In 1991, Mark Duncan showed that BMAA barely crosses the blood–brain barrier. Only 0.08% of an injected dose is found there.

So the steady-state brain concentration, after continuous infusion of 400 mg/kg for two weeks, is only 10–30 μg/g.

This is far less than the concentration of the body’s own natural glutamate.

And no behavioral effects were noted in test rats in this study either.

He published a letter in The Lancet to explain how unlikely it is that BMAA could possibly cause ALS.

“We conclude that processed cycad flour as prepared by the Chamorros of Guam and Rota contains extremely low levels of BMAA, which are in the order of only 0.005% by weight. Thus, even when cycad flour is a dietary staple and eaten regularly, it seems unlikely that these low levels could cause the delayed and widespread neurofibrillary degeneration of nerve cells observed in ALS and the parkinsonism-dementia complex of Guam.” —Duncan

But the BMAA cheerleaders wouldn’t let truth get in the way of their research funding…

So after killing about a million trees by printing plain B.S. bullshit, they decided to imagine an entirely different way for BMAA to be responsible for ALS.

Philosophers of science call this “saving the phenomena.”

They came up with the idea that BMAA incorporates directly into growing protein. As an amino acid, it could theoretically do this.

But this is more diversion, since massive doses in mice don’t lead to neurological changes.

The only thing that’s ever been proven to cause ALS in animals is aluminum.

Henry Sherp first demonstrated this in the ‘60s, on both rabbits and monkeys.

“The results show that 25% to 37% of the injected aluminum is retained in the central nervous system.” —Sherp

Not much attention was given to such studies until Guam in the ‘80s. That’s when aluminum became synonymous with ALS.

can’t see this image? Click on “load images” or “always allow images for this sender”

The scientists in this study decided to just prove in a straightforward manner that aluminum accumulates in the nervous system and causes ALS.

They fed the aluminum directly to the monkeys – no injections.

It was pressed into their food pellets. And they were given less calcium than usual.

One group of monkeys was fed cycad flour, the source of BMAA in Guam…

“Neurofibrillary pathology was most frequently seen in animals fed the low-calcium diet supplemented with aluminum and manganese.” —Garruto

Just by feeding aluminum and restricting calcium they were able to replicate ALS in the monkeys.

Even the chemical mechanism has now been worked out.

Aluminum has a high affinity for phosphate.

The outer layer of the spinal cord is rich in phosphate. So are the Tau (τ) proteins, which are abundant in the nervous system.

“The magnitude and extent of lesions observed in these animals far exceeded that found in normal-aged monkeys.” —Garruto

Also, feeding cycad “failed to accentuate the neuropathology.”

This is more confirmation that BMAA is basically harmless.

The scientists responsible for these studies – Garruto, Duncan, McGeer, Lee, and Perl – are quite certain that BMAA has nothing to do with ALS.

“BMAA should no longer be considered a neurotoxin and an environmental hazard.” —McGeer & Lee

Aluminum is found in some packaged foods, so it’s a good habit to read labels.

Some municipal water supplies contain high levels of aluminum, just like the water in Guam.

The natural minerals calcium and silica are protective against aluminum toxicity, but it’s best to avoid aluminum altogether if you can.

end

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Pollution kills more people each year than war, AIDS, and malaria combined

According to a landmark new study, the U.S. tops the list of developed countries with the highest rate of pollution-related deaths. Natasha Geiling THINKPROGRESS.COM A landmark new study on the Continue Reading →

Pesticides and IPM

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The City People’s Book of Raising Food has been corrected and reissued after 40 years. Its available via Amazon.

Taunton Press has launched his latest book, a revision of a popular reference work for the gardener.  Gardner’s Guide to Common Sense Pest Control, by  WO, et al. 2013.

“There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.”
― Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species.

“… the garden furnishes abundance of subject matter for use in the composition, spelling, reading, arithmetic, geography, and history classes. A real bug found eating on the child’s cabbage plant in his little garden will be taken up with a vengeance in his composition class. He would much prefer to spell the real, living radish in the garden than the lifeless radish in the book. He would much prefer to figure on the profit of the onions sold from his garden than those sold by some John Jones of Philadelphia.”

George Washington Carver (1864-1943)

Dr. William Olkowski is a specialist in Integrated Pest Management and Biological Control of Insects and an active Environmentalist, gardener, teacher, artist and perpetual student.

His books include “Common Sense Pest Control” and “The Gardeners Guide to Least Toxic Pest Control” and the Integral Urban House, among others.  His publications include other books, book chapters, scientific papers, government reports, book reviews, technical pest control manuals, and more extensively, articles in the “IPM Practitioner” and “Common Sense Pest Control Quarterly for over 25 years.” His blog covers book reviews on health, ecology, parasitology, medical entomology, among others, essays, movie reviews, personal poems, art notes, and rants.  A website includes many of his published scientific papers, paintings and project reports.   He has consulted with the EPA, NPS, AID, NIH, private businesses and city, county and state agencies about least toxic pest control.  He is familiar with various ecological social organizations from starting non-profit organizations, and is proud of helping to start the first recycling centers in the US, the first ecology center (in Berkeley), and the Farallones Institute, Antioch College West, and a small farm based school for educating disadvantaged young women. Based in Santa Barbara, CA. 

————–

One percent of U.S. agricultural acreage is organic, compared to nearly 30% in Australia. We have 2,000 organic farms in California, but Italy has 45,000.  Julie Guthman, Agrarian Dreams

Some Facts of Note

In the Wikipedia entry, “US military casualties of war,” the grand total of all military deaths in the history of this country, starting with the Revolutionary War, is 1,312,612.

 

In any given 10 years of modern medical treatment? 2,250,000 deaths (Starfield).

 

 

 

 

 

“There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.”
― Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species.

“… the garden furnishes abundance of subject matter for use in the composition, spelling, reading, arithmetic, geography, and history classes. A real bug found eating on the child’s cabbage plant in his little garden will be taken up with a vengeance in his composition class. He would much prefer to spell the real, living radish in the garden than the lifeless radish in the book. He would much prefer to figure on the profit of the onions sold from his garden than those sold by some John Jones of Philadelphia.”
George Washington Carver (1864-1943)

Dr. William Olkowski is a specialist in Integrated Pest Management and Biological Control of Insects and an active Environmentalist, gardener, teacher, artist and perpetual student.

His books include “Common Sense Pest Control” and “The Gardeners Guide to Least Toxic Pest Control” and the Integral Urban House, among others. His publications include other books, book chapters, scientific papers, government reports, book reviews, technical pest control manuals, and more extensively, articles in the “IPM Practitioner” and “Common Sense Pest Control Quarterly for over 25 years.” His blog covers book reviews on health, ecology, parasitology, medical entomology, among others, essays, movie reviews, personal poems, art notes, and rants. A website includes many of his published scientific papers, paintings and project reports. He has consulted with the EPA, NPS, AID, NIH, private businesses and city, county and state agencies about least toxic pest control. He is familiar with various ecological social organizations from starting non-profit organizations, and is proud of helping to start the first recycling centers in the US, the first ecology center (in Berkeley), and the Farallones Institute, Antioch College West, and a small farm based school for educating disadvantaged young women. Based in Santa Barbara, CA.

————–

One percent of U.S. agricultural acreage is organic, compared to nearly 30% in Australia. We have 2,000 organic farms in California, but Italy has 45,000. Julie Guthman, Agrarian Dreams

Some Facts of Note

In the Wikipedia entry, “US military casualties of war,” the grand total of all military deaths in the history of this country, starting with the Revolutionary War, is 1,312,612.

In any given 10 years of modern medical treatment? 2,250,000 deaths (Starfield).

Things you didn’t know that you didn’t know…..

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Stuff you didn’t know you didn’t know!
Men can read smaller print than women can; women can hear better.
——– ——— ———
Coca-Cola was originally green.
——— ——— ———
It is impossible to lick your elbow.
———— ——— ——— ———
The State with the highest percentage of people who walk to work: Alaska
———— ——— ——— ———
The percentage of Africa that is wilderness: 28%
(now get this…)
——— ——— ———
The percentage of North America that is wilderness: 38%
———— ——— — —— ——— ——— ——— ———
The cost of raising a medium-size dog to the age of eleven: $ 16,400
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
The average number of people airborne over the U.S.in any given hour: 61,000
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair..
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
The first novel ever written on a typewriter, Tom Sawyer.
———— — ———— ——— ——— ——— ———
The San Francisco Cable cars are the only mobile National Monuments.
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history:

Spades – King David
Hearts – Charlemagne
Clubs – Alexander, the Great
Diamonds – Julius Caesar
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——
111,111,111 x 111,111,111 = 12,345,678,987, 654,321
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
If a statue in the park of a person on a horse has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle. If the horse has one front leg in the air, the person died because of wounds received in battle. If the horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural causes.
———— —— — ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Only two people signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4,
John Hancock and Charles Thomson. Most of the rest signed on August 2,
but the last signature wasn’t added until 5 years later.
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q. Half of all Americans live within 50 miles of what? A. Their birth place
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q. Most boat owners name their boats. What is the most popular boat name requested? Obsession
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q.. If you were to spell out numbers, how far would you have to go until you
would find the letter ‘A’? One thousand
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q. What do bulletproof vests, fire escapes, windshield wipers and laser printers have in common? All were invented by women.
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q. What is the only food that doesn’t spoil? Honey
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
Q. Which day are there more collect calls than any other day of the year?

A. Father’s Day
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
In Shakespeare’s time, mattresses were secured on bed frames by ropes.
When you pulled on the ropes, the mattress tightened, making the bed firmer to sleep on. Hence, the phrase…’Goodnight , sleep tight’
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———
It was the accepted practice in Babylon 4,000 years ago that
for a month after the wedding, the bride’s father would supply his son-in-law
with all the mead he could drink. Mead is a honey beer and,
because their calendar was lunar based, this period was called the honey month,
which we know today as the honeymoon.
———— ——— ——— ———
In English pubs, ale is ordered by pints and quarts… So in old England ,
when customers got unruly, the bartender would yell at them
‘Mind your pints and quarts, and settle down.’ . . .

It’s where we get the phrase ‘mind your P’s and Q’s’
———— ——— ——— ———
Many years ago in England , pub frequenters had a whistle baked
into the rim, or handle, of their ceramic cups. When they needed a refill , they used the whistle to get some service. ‘Wet your whistle’ is the phrase inspired by this practice.
———— ——— ——— —— — ——— ——— ———
At least 75% of people who read this will try to lick their elbow!
———— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ———

YOU KNOW YOU ARE LIVING
IN 2017when…

1. You accidentally enter your PIN on the microwave.

2. You haven’t played solitaire with real cards in years.

3. You have a list of 15 phone numbers to reach your family of three.

4. You e-mail the person who works at the desk next to you.

5. Your reason for not staying in touch with friends and family is that they
don’t have e-mail addresses.

6. You pull up in your own driveway and use your cell phone to see if anyone is home to help you carry in the groceries…

7. Every commercial on television has a web site at the bottom of the screen.

8. Leaving the house without your cell phone, which you didn’t even have the first 20 or 30 (or 60)years of your life, is now a cause for panic, and you turn around to go and get it .

10. You get up in the morning and go online before getting your coffee.

11. You start tilting your head sideways to smile. : )

12. You’re reading this and nodding and laughing.

13. Even worse, you know exactly to whom you are going to forward this message.

14. You are too busy to notice there was no #9 on this list.

15. You actually scrolled back up to check that there wasn’t a #9 on this list .

~~~~~~~~~~~AND FINALLY~~~~~ ~~~~~~~

NOW you’re LAUGHING at yourself!
“Blessed are they who can laugh at themselves, for they shall never cease to be amused!”
———— —– ———
Go on, forward this to your friends.
You know you want to! And try to lick your elbow!